Retardation of coronary atherosclerosis with yoga lifestyle intervention

The Journal of Association of Physicians of India.

2000 Jul;48(7):687-94.

Manchanda SC, Narang R, Reddy KS, Sachdeva U, Prabhakaran D, Dharmanand S, Rajani M, Bijlani R.

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

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Yoga has potential for benefit for patients with coronary artery disease though objective, angiographic studies are lacking.



We evaluated possible role of lifestyle modification incorporating yoga, on retardation of coronary atherosclerotic disease. In this prospective, randomized, controlled trial, 42 men with angiographically proven coronary artery disease (CAD) were randomized to control (n = 21) and yoga intervention group (n = 21) and were followed for one year. The active group was treated with a user-friendly program consisting of yoga, control of risk factors, diet control and moderate aerobic exercise. The control group was managed by conventional methods i.e. risk factor control and American Heart Association step I diet.



At one year, the yoga groups showed significant reduction in number of anginal episodes per week, improved exercise capacity and decrease in body weight. Serum total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels also showed greater reductions as compared with control group. Revascularisation procedures (coronary angioplasty or bypass surgery) were less frequently required in the yoga group (one versus eight patients; relative risk = 5.45; P = 0.01). Coronary angiography repeated at one year showed that significantly more lesions regressed (20% versus 2%) and less lesions progressed (5% versus 37%) in the yoga group (chi-square = 24.9; P < 0.0001). The compliance to the total program was excellent and no side effects were observed.



Yoga lifestyle intervention retards progression and increases regression of coronary atherosclerosis in patients with severe coronary artery disease. It also improves symptomatic status, functional class and risk factor profile.

Heart Disease Cardiovascular – Yoga Cure

Today millions of people in the world suffer from the disease of heart and the blood vessels, which are called as cardiovascular diseases.  The heart is the strongest muscle in the body. The contraction and relaxation of the heart cause the circulation of blood to all parts of the body. The circulatory system plays a vital role in the nourishment of tissues.

Elements necessary for nourishment of tissues are carried to them by blood. Any irritation to the lining of arterial walls causes heart diseases. This injury may also be caused due to high levels of fat in the blood.

Main contributors for cardiovascular diseases

  • Faulty diet,
  • Negative thinking —Our thoughts, feelings and emotions affect our body and mind.Negative Emotions spark   chemical processes throughout the entire body.
  • Coronary Heart Disease,
  • Smoking,
  • High blood pressure etc…

Coronary Heart Disease (CAD)

Function of heart is to supply the blood to the whole body by pumping. Whereas coronary arteries come out of the aorta and supply the blood and feed the heart muscles themselves. The main coronary arteries lie down on the surface of the heart and the small arteries enter the cardiac muscle mass. It is the most common cause of the cardiovascular disability and death. Coronary heart disease is a state in which the heart muscle not gets ample amount of blood because of disruption in its blood supply.

Depending on the extent of disruption in its blood supply, symptoms appear from a mild chest pain to a full-scale heart attack.

Atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)

The inner walls of the arteries get thickened due to gradual deposits of fatty material. These gradual deposits take the form of layers in the inner walls of the arteries and as a result, there is hindrance to the flow of blood. Consequently, blood clotting occurs in the roughened area and the blood circulation gets blocked.

Coronary Thrombosis

There is sudden blocking of one of the arteries or its branches and then the supply of blood to the heart is affected partially or completely. The sudden blocking takes place due to the deposit of clot in an already narrow artery. Due to lack of blood supply, heart attack takes place with pain in the chest and arms and there maybe perspiration.

Degenerative heart disease

It occurs due to the gradual decay of the blood vessels. It is thought that excessive smoking of tobacco in any form causes degeneration of blood vessels.  Yoga can play important role in preventing and curing cardiovascular heart diseases.

If one diagnosed heart disease, it is necessary to take proper care of ones heart for the rest of life. With proper life-style and diet one can manage and avoid heart disease. The physical activity in yoga enhances cardiac efficiency.

Yoga Treatment for Heart Diseases

Therapeutic yoga should be practiced when the individual concerned is not affected by emergency type of condition.Yogic system of treatment is the same for heart ailments and hypertension.

Beside the above mentioned asana and pranayama practice of yoga nidra, concentration and meditation gives the best result.

The circulatory system plays a vital role in the nourishment of tissues. Elements necessary for nourishment of tissues are carried to them by blood. Practice of pranayama rejuvenate the tissues with a fresh supply of oxygen

Asanas improve cardiovascular efficiency. The yogic exercises give a good massage to the perpetually working heart. Asanas involve very little muscular activity. In such a condition, the heart has a tendency to slow down its speed and the heart beats in a controlled manner. When the muscular activity is less, there is minimum production of carbon dioxide. This reduces the levels of stress to the heart.  Yoga enhances heart health, lowers blood pressure, reduces chronic stress, boosts immune system and enhances cognitive ability. Yoga has an important role in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases as well as recurrence of heart attacks, hypertension and coronary heart diseases. Yoga affects the hypothalamus directly the area of the brain, controlling the endocrine activity and it helps to prevent heart attacks.

Therapeutics Yoganidra

YogaNidra is a state of conscious Deep Sleep. YogaNidra brings an incredible calmness, quietness and clarity. It has great Therapeutics values.


Diet should be light, a low- fat diet, and preferably vegetarian foods.


Meat, excessive protein, milk and dairy products, oil, excessive spices, excessive salt, overeating.


whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables. Fix meal timing.

know more about Diet.

The path of yoga helps in the prevention and stress in healthy people, aids in the recovery of diseases and other illnesses, gives strength to the physical body and helps in weight loss, induces deep relaxation, and wellness of body, mind and soul is gained.

Kindly find following research papers in category Research

Retardation of coronary atherosclerosis with yoga lifestyle intervention.

Beneficial effects of yoga lifestyle on reversibility of ischaemic heart disease: caring heart project of International Board of Yoga.

Lipid profile of coronary risk subjects following yogic lifestyle intervention.

Modulation of cardiovascular response to exercise by yoga training.

The effects of unilateral forced nostril breathing on the heart.

Kapalabhati–yogic cleansing exercise. I. Cardiovascular and respiratory changes.

Role of yoga in modifying certain cardiovascular functions in type 2 diabetic patients.

A brief but comprehensive lifestyle education program based on yoga reduces risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus.


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