Modulation of cardiovascular response to exercise by yoga training
Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology.
Madanmohan, Udupa K, Bhavanani AB, Shatapathy CC, Sahai A.
Department of Physiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Pondicherry – 605 006, India.
This study reports the effects of yoga training on cardiovascular response to exercise and the time course of recovery after the exercise. Cardiovascular response to exercise was determined by Harvard step test using a platform of 45 cm height. The subjects were asked to step up and down the platform at a rate of 30/min for a total duration of 5 min or until fatigue, whichever was earlier. Heart rate (HR) and blood pressure response to exercise were measured in supine position before exercise and at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7 and 10 minutes after the exercise. Rate-pressure product [RPP = (HR x SP)/100] and double product (Do P = HR x MP), which are indices of work done by the heart were also calculated. Exercise produced a significant increase in HR, systolic pressure, RPP & DoP and a significant decrease in diastolic pressure. After two months of yoga training, exercise-induced changes in these parameters were significantly reduced. It is concluded that after yoga training a given level of exercise leads to a milder cardiovascular response, suggesting better exercise tolerance.